The Rhodes Scholarship Rhodes Trust announced November 23 the names of thirty-two American men and women chosen as Rhodes Scholars, including Wen Shi of Johns Hopkins University. They will enter the University of Oxford in England one hundred years after the first class of Rhodes Scholars did in 1903. The Scholars were chosen today from 963 applicants who were endorsed by 366 colleges and universities in a nationwide competition. Rhodes Scholarships provide two or three years of study at the University of Oxford in England. The Rhodes Scholarships, oldest of the international study awards available to American students, were created in 1902 by the Will of Cecil Rhodes, British philanthropist and colonial pioneer.
Rhodes Scholars are chosen in a three-stage process. First, candidates must be endorsed by their college or university. Committees of Selection in each of the fifty states then nominate candidates who are interviewed by District Selection Committees in eight regions of the United States.
Applicants are chosen on the basis of the criteria set down in the Will of Cecil Rhodes. These criteria are high academic achievement, integrity of character, a spirit of unselfishness, respect for others, potential for leadership, and physical vigor. These basic characteristics are directed at fulfilling Mr. Rhodes's hopes that the Rhodes Scholars would make an effective and positive contribution throughout the world. As he wrote, Rhodes Scholars should "esteem the performance of public duties as their highest aim."