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A Chronology of Chinese-Americans

1920

The number of Chinese in the United States decreases to 61,639 in the 1920 census report.

1921

Congress passes the Quota Act, essentially to discourage the immigration of southeastern Europeans to the United States. It eventually leads to the enactment of the 1924 act, restricting Chinese and other Asians coming to the United States.

Washington and Louisiana enact Alien Land Laws.

1922

Congress passes an act to deport violators of narcotics laws. This act applies to immigrants of all nationalities.

The Cable Act stipulates that a female may be stripped of her U.S. citizenship for marrying an alien ineligible for citizenship. The Act is repealed in 1931.

1923

Idaho, Montana, and Oregon enact the Alien Land Laws.

1924

Congress passes another immigration act, under which all Chinese are denied entry.

United States Supreme Court decides, in the case of Chang Chan et al. v. John D. Nagle, that Chinese wives of American citizens are not entitled to come to the United States in accordance with the 1924 Immigration Act.

There are 6,992 Chinese immigrants of different professions other than laborers coming to the United States, the highest figure of any single year since 1884.

1925

The Chinese in San Francisco builds their own hospital, "Tung Hwa," which opens on April 18. The first president is B.S. Seid.

Cheuno Sumchee v. Nagle rules that the 1924 Immigration Act has not affected the status of Chinese treaty merchants or their wives and minor children. The number of Chinese treaty merchants coming to the United States never exceeds 250 per year up to 1943.

From 1892 to 1925, the number of Chinese laborers and other illegal immigrants barred from landing reaches 6,327. in this same period markedly increased from 4,675 to 7,748.

1926

The China Institute in America, Inc, is founded under the sponsorship of Professor Paul Monroe of Teachers College of Columbia University and Pin-wen Kuo, former president of the National Southeastern University in Nanking, China. Kuo becomes its first director, succeeded by Chih Meng.

1927

The Supreme Court decides, in Weedin v. Chin Bow, that a person born abroad of an American parent of parents who has never resided in the United States is not of American nationality.

1928

The Supreme Court of the United States decided, in the case of Lam Mow v. Nagle, that a child born of Chinese parents aboard an American vessel on the high seas is not "born in the United States" so as to be deemed a citizen of the United States.. This decision is in apparent conflict with the Cropo v. Kellyu case in which the same court rules, in 1872, that the territory of Massachusetts itself extends to the ship on the high seas.

The National Dollars Stores, Inc. is founded by the Shoong family. Originally started as a small store in San Francisco in 1907, it has developed into a chain with over fifty branches in California, Washington, Utah, Arizona, and Hawaii by this year. Joseph Shoong, the owner of the store, becomes one of the wealthiest Chinese-Americans.

1929

Another Chinese fraternal organization, the Sam King Association, is established, representing the Chinese coming from the eastern provinces of China, including Kiangsu, Chekiang, and Kiangsi. Its membership has increased rapidly since 1949, because more Chinese from that region immigrant to the United States after the change of power on the mainland.

1930

There is a slight increase of the number of Chinese in the United States in the previous decade, totaling 74,954. The number of Chinese females almost doubles during the same period, reaching 15,152.

1931

The last of the tong wars occurs this year.

1932

Chinese Women's Association is organized on March 29 in New York City. The first president is Theodora Chan Wang.

1935

Lin Yutang publishes his well-known work, My Country and My People. His book helps Americans understand China and the Chinese

1937

Lin Yutang, author of My Country and My People, publishs his best seller, The Importance of Living. Both of these works have promoted American interest in the life and philosophy of the Chinese.

1938

Hiram Fong is elected to the legislature of the Territory of Hawaii.

Chinese women garment workers launch a strike against National Dollar Stores. They later establish the first Chinese chapter of the International Ladies' Garment Workers Union.

1939

Yuan-ren Chao, a prominent Chinese scholar of linguistics, teaches at Yale University from the University of Hawaii. He later teaches at the University of California from 1952 until his retirement in 1960.



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